Get to know about Betsy Ross flag

Betsy Ross flag, The Betsy Ross story, The Ross question, The First Flag, Symbolism, Nike controversy, betsy ross children, betsy ross timeline, betsy ross flag meaning, betsy ross flag dimensions, when did betsy ross die, when was betsy ross born, betsy ross flag etiquette,
Betsy Ross flag,

A Betsy Ross flag, flying outside San 

Francisco City Hall, in San Francisco, 


The Betsy Ross flag, is an early structure of the banner of the United States , 

named for upholsterer and banner producer Betsy Ross. It utilizes the normal 

themes of exchanging red-and-white striped field with five-pointed stars in a 

blue canton. Its distinctive trademark highlights thirteen stars masterminded around to speak to the solidarity of the Thirteen Colonies. 

The Betsy Ross story 
Betsy Ross flag, The Betsy Ross story, The Ross question, The First Flag, Symbolism, Nike controversy
Betsy Ross story,

Betsy Ross 1777, a ca. 1920 portrayal by 

craftsman Jean Leon Gerome Ferris of Ross 

appearing. George Washington 

(situated, left), Robert Morris and George 

Ross how she cut the reexamined five- 

pointed stars for the banner. 

Despite the fact that this early form of an American banner is presently generally called 

the "Betsy Ross Flag," the case by her relatives that Betsy Ross 

added to this plan isn't acknowledged by present day American researchers and 

vexillologists . 

The National Museum of American History takes note of that the story previously entered 

into American awareness about the season of the 1876 Centennial 

Piece festivities. In 1870, Ross' grandson, William J. Canby, 

exhibited a paper to the Historical Society of Pennsylvania where he 

guaranteed that his grandma had "made with her hands the primary banner" of 

the United States. Canby said he previously acquired this data from his 

auntie Clarissa Sydney (Claypoole) Wilson in 1857, twenty years after Betsy 

Ross' passing. Canby dates the noteworthy scene dependent on Washington's 

voyage to Philadelphia, in pre-summer 1776, a year prior to Congress passed 

the Flag Act. 

In the 2008 book The Star-Spangled Banner: The Making of an American 

Symbol , Smithsonian specialists call attention to that Canby's relating of the occasion 

spoke to Americans energetic for anecdotes about the upset and its legends 

what's more, courageous women. Betsy Ross was advanced as an energetic good example for youthful 

young ladies and an image of ladies' commitments to American history. 

Antiquarian Laurel Thatcher Ulrich further investigated this line of enquiry in a 

2007 article, "How Betsy Ross Became Famous: Oral Tradition, Nationalism, 

furthermore, the Invention of History." Ross biographer Marla Miller calls attention to, 

in any case, that regardless of whether one acknowledges Canby's introduction, Betsy Ross was 

just one of a few banner creators in Philadelphia, and her solitary commitment 

to the plan was to change the 6-directed stars toward the simpler 5-pointed 


As indicated by the conventional record, the first banner was made in June 

1776, when a little panel – including George Washington, Robert Morris 

what's more, relative George Ross – visited Betsy and talked about the requirement for another 

American banner. Betsy acknowledged the activity to produce the banner, adjusting the 

board's structure by supplanting the six-pointed stars with five-pointed stars. 

The "Ross question" 

The 1779 representation Washington at 

Princeton demonstrates a blue banner with a circle 

of 13 adapted 6-point white stars. 

Canby's record has been the wellspring of some discussion. Beauty Rogers Cooper 

noticed that the primary reported utilization of this banner was in 1792. It is 

by and large viewed as being neither demonstrated nor disproven, and any proof 

that may have once existed has been lost. It merits bringing up that 

while present day legend may upgrade the subtleties of her story, Betsy Ross never 

guaranteed any commitment to the banner structure with the exception of the five-pointed star, 

which was basically simpler for her to make. 

The primary reason students of history and banner specialists don't accept that Betsy Ross 

planned or sewed the principal American banner is an absence of chronicled proof and 

documentation to help her story. 

No records demonstrate that the Continental Congress had a council to 

structure the national banner in the spring of 1776. 

Despite the fact that George Washington had been an individual from the Continental 

Congress, he had taken on the situation of president of the 

Mainland Army in 1775, so it would be far-fetched that he would have 

headed a congressional advisory group in 1776. Anyway he served on a 

board of trustees with John Ross' uncle George Read in 1776 (see beneath). 

There is no proof to demonstrate that Betsy Ross and George Washington 

knew one another, or that George Washington was ever in her shop. 

Be that as it may, George Ross and George Washington were the two associates of 

George Read in 1776, and he had visit correspondence with both 


In letters and journals that have surfaced, neither George Washington, Col. 

Ross, Robert Morris, nor some other individual from Congress referenced 

anything about a national banner in 1776. Francis Hopkinson, a treasurer of 

advances and an expert to the second congressional advisory group, has a 

maritime plan from 1780 which was obviously a subordinate of prior structures. 

The Flag Resolution of June 1777 was the main recorded gathering, 

talk, or discussion by Congress about a national banner. 

It isn't irregular that Ross, an upholsterer, would have been paid to sew 

banners. There was an unexpected and earnest requirement for them, and other 

Philadelphia upholsterers were additionally paid to sew signals in 1777 and years 


Supporters of the Ross story make the accompanying contentions: 

Robert Morris was a colleague of John Ross, Betsy's cousin by 

marriage. He additionally had presented with George Ross on the Marine 

Board of trustees. 

George Washington was in Philadelphia in Spring 1776, where he served on 

a board of trustees with John Ross' uncle George Read , and Congress endorsed 

$50,000 for the procurement of tents and "sundry articles" for the 

Mainland Army. 

On May 29, 1777, Betsy Ross was paid a huge aggregate of cash from the 

Pennsylvania State Navy Board for making banners. 

Morris was on the Marine Committee at the time the banner vote was taken 

as a component of Marine Committee business. 

Rachel Fletcher, Betsy Ross' girl, gave an oath to the Betsy 

Ross story. 

A composition which may be dated 1851 by Ellie Wheeler, supposedly the 

girl of Thomas Sully , indicates Betsy Ross sewing the banner. In the event that the 

painting is real and the date right, the story was known almost 

20 years before Canby's introduction to the Historical Society of 


The Principal Flag
Betsy Ross flag, The Betsy Ross story, The Ross question, The First Flag, Symbolism, Nike controversy
Principal flag,

The "Betsy Ross" plan showed at the 

second introduction of Barack Obama . It 

has frequently been utilized at presidential 


The inquiry "Who caused the principal American banner?" to must be given 

theoretical answers. There is no accord on what the "principal American banner " 

resembled, and there were at any rate 17 banner creators and upholsterers who 

worked in Philadelphia during the time these banners were made. Margaret 

Manny is thought to have made the primary Continental Colors (or Grand Union 

Banner ), however there is no proof to demonstrate she likewise made the Stars and Stripes. 

Other banner producers of that period incorporate Rebecca Young , Anne King, 

Cornelia Bridges, and banner painter William Barrett. Hugh Stewart sold a "banner 

of the United Colonies" to the Committee of Safety, and William Alliborne 

was one of the first to fabricate United States ensigns. Any banner 

producer in Philadelphia could have sewn the principal American banner. As per 

Canby, there were different varieties of the banner being set aside a few minutes 

Ross was sewing the plan that would convey her name. Assuming valid, there may 

not be one "first" banner, yet many. 

As late as 1779, the War Board of Continental Congress had still not settled 

on what the Standard of the United States should resemble. The panel 

sent a letter to General Washington asking his feeling, and presenting a 

structure that incorporated the snake , just as a number relating to the 

state which flew the banner. 

Francis Hopkinson is regularly given kudos for the Betsy Ross configuration, just as 

other 13-star game plans. The Second Continental Congress passed the 

Banner Resolution on June 14, 1777, setting up the primary congressional 

standard for authority United States ensigns. The shape and course of action of 

the stars isn't referenced – there were varieties – yet the legitimate 

portrayal gives the Ross banner authenticity. 

In a 1780 letter to the Continental Board of Admiralty managing the Great 

Seal , Hopkinson referenced devoted structures he made in the previous couple of years 

counting "the Flag of the United States of America." He requested 

remuneration for his plans, yet his case was dismissed on the premise that 

others likewise added to the structure. Ross Biographer Marla Miller attests 

that the subject of Betsy Ross' contribution in the banner ought not be one 

of structure, however of creation. All things being equal, history analysts must acknowledge that 

the United States banner advanced, and did not have one originator. The banner, as 

the Revolution it speaks to, was crafted by numerous hands. 

Betsy Ross flag, The Betsy Ross story, The Ross question, The First Flag, Symbolism, Nike controversy

The "Betsy Ross" banner is highlighted on the 

seal of the United States Department of 

Veterans Affairs, together with the 

current United States banner to speak to 

veterans all through United States 


Specialists can just estimate the reason Congress picked stripes, stars, and the 

hues red, white, and blue for the banner. Students of history and specialists ruin the 

basic hypothesis that the stripes and five-pointed stars got from the 

Washington family emblem . While this hypothesis adds to Washington's 

amazing inclusion in the advancement of the primary banner, no proof – 

other than the undeniable one that his ensign, similar to the Stars and 

Stripes, has stars and stripes in it – exists to demonstrate any association between 

the two. Washington knew that "most appreciate ... the trappings of 

raised office, however for himself asserted "To me there is nothing in it. 

In any case, he much of the time utilized (for instance, as his bookplate) his family coat 

of arms with three five-pointed red stars and three red-and-white stripes, on 

which is based the banner of the District of Columbia. The utilization of red and blue 

in banners as of now in history may get from the general speed of the 

colors indigo and cochineal , giving blue and red hues respecti
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